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For many years the Refugees have been associated with wars and unrest. Gonçalo Saraiva Matias, Professor of Law at the Portuguese Catholic University, said, at the Estoril Conferences 2017, that “nowadays, there are more people leaving their homes because of climate change, lack of access to potable water and food safety”. 

Saraiva pointed out “there are regions of the world where it is not possible to provide enough food for the population. He regretted the fact that the current Status of Refugee, in most countries, still works as an “obstacle to the integration of these people”, since “it is usually granted only to those running away from war and conflicts”. 
The Portuguese Law Professor also said “people in other situations remain legally unprotected in the countries they travel to”. 
But not everything is lost and there is still home for change “since there are countries changing their legal systems to accommodate this kind of migrants” and that “the United Nations already started negotiations to implement change.”
“The Refugee movement cannot be solved by one entity alone. That should be done by different parties of civil society”, said Karen AbuZayad, a Special Adviser in the Summit on mass movements of Refugees and Migrants.
“We need to make sure Human Rights of these people are protected and Sovereign States need to cooperate as Refugees’ final destination”, she added. 
“If we compare the number of Refugee deaths with the number of deaths caused by traffic and domestic accidents, we can get to the conclusion that the second set of causes is more important”, said John Kidd, Researcher at the University of Aston (United Kingdom). Kidd said Governments should manage demographic unbalances. “At least 35 per cent of all refugees are highly qualified and companies need to have their word”. According to Kidd, Refugees can be very useful to a country’s wealth. 
Sein –Way Tan, president of Green World City Organization in Australia, introduced some ideas to solve the sustainability issues societies’ face. We need to establish a different kind of approach to urban development and growth.” 
“We must develop smart technologies and the use of renewable energies, to start with a most efficient management of waste, with a better management of water resources and to create economic areas especially designed to attract new businesses”, he said. 

The Estoril Conferences initiative (now in its 5th year) has become a dialogue cluster for leaders, thinkers and opinion makers from around the world, aimed at responding to issues related to Globalization. The Estoril Conferences are organized by the Estoril Institute for Global Dialogue, with the support of the Cascais Municipality and of the Presidency of the Portuguese Republic. The 2017 edition takes place between May 29th and 31th, at the Estoril Congress Center, in Cascais.

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