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CONFERENCE PROGRAM

ESTORIL CONFERENCES 2017
GLOBAL MIGRATION: Leaving Home in a Globalized World

08h00 – 16h00

Youth Summit

08h00 – 09h30

Breakfast – Horasis powered by EC

12h00 – 14h00

Ambassador's Roundtable

12h30 – 14h30

Culture and the Media

Session developed by Fundação D. Luís | Parallel Event | Reserved Access

14h30 - 15h30

Business and Society

Migration is often perceived as a challenge to be managed by governments while businesses are left behind as mere employers. In the XXI century, however, businesses are beginning to play a more important role on the complex issues brought by migration. Many companies are now contributing to environmental efforts, reducing their carbon footprint; others play the role of philanthropists, donating or volunteering to charity; and almost every company today tries to promote ethical labour practices, contributing to a positive social inclusion of migrant workers.

Parallel Event

15h30 – 16h45

Horasis Summary Plenary: Taking the Middle Way

We live in a world of extremes and we become desensitized by distress. There might be a better way - a middle way - where we can discover common ground for peace, personally and universally. What will it take for us to become softer, more caring, and trusting - and being more together?

Session developed in partnership with Horasis Global Meeting

16h45 – 17h00

Contact Break

17h00 – 17h45

Conference: The Power of Nobel Prizes

A Nobel Prize recognizes advancement in human endeavor in Science, Culture and the Humanities: their recipients represent world-class achievement. Three Nobel Alumni will inform us how their prize helped others to generate togetherness as a force against ignorance and adversity.

Session developed in partnership with Horasis Global Meeting

17h45 – 18h15

Special Keynote Address:

A $100 Billion Financing Idea: Migration and Remittances in a Globalized Economy

Migrant remittances reached $440 billion through 2016 – more than three times official development aid flows. Certain nations wish to tax these, even though they are perhaps their most important inward flows. What are the rational and benevolent ways we can manage these issues?

Session developed in partnership with Horasis Global Meeting

18h15 – 19h00 

Global Dialogue: Surviving Extremism

Extremism is often displayed as religious intolerance – which is born most often by women and children. We shall listen to the travails of two survivors, of their memories and of their endeavours to educate and to eradicate the need to flee.

Session developed in partnership with Horasis Global Meeting

19h00 – 20h00 

Opening Ceremony: Modeling Sustainable Migration

Wars, demographic imbalances, climate change will thrust more people into migration. Should we open our borders? What facts must be discussed with the citizens? What are the implications short and long-term?

20h15 – 22h30 

Soirée: Estoril Local Answers Award

The globe and its people are not as fractured as we may think. In lands ravaged by war or natural disaster or in lands subject to economic or political uncertainty kind acts take place. How do we inculcate stronger feelings of togetherness to enable personal, local and international growth through innovation, entrepreneurship and good ethics? The Estoril Local Answers Award is an award granted to an initiative that helps raise awareness and solve global challenges at a local level.

Event to take place in Casino Estoril

Migration With(out) Boundaries

The goal of this first day is to reflect upon migration outside a crisis conjuncture – what challenges does regular migration bring to the world?

However ordinary and old the phenomenon may be, we are currently living in times of unprecedented human mobility. In this growingly interconnected world, migratory flows are increasingly seen as multi-faceted challenges to States and polities.

Mass movements of people are highly contested for interfering with national sovereignty and security, national and cultural identity, rule of law and human rights, sustainability of the welfare state, employment policies, population, public health, international relations, national and international security and public order. But migration is also affiliated with opportunities such as the correction of labor market imbalances, spur innovation and economic growth.


08h00 – 09h30

EC Academic Partners Roundtable

Parallel event

08h00 – 09h30

Breakfast – Horasis powered by EC

Parallel event

08h00 – 09h30

Local Impact Labs

Parallel event

09h00 – 10h00

Conference: Why do people move?

People have moved from their home countries for all sorts of reasons: some are drawn by pull factors while others migrate because of push factors, finding it difficult to remain in their original territories. From an historical perspective, this panel will address the most relevant pull and push factors to human migration.

10h00 – 11h00

Roundtable: Migration and Lusophony

In a globalized world where the advantages and disadvantages of integrated areas is one of the key discussions, language is a particular unifying bond. Portuguese is one of the most spoken languages in the world and the Lusophone space provides a distinguished example of mutual cooperation and empathy. How can this closeness provided by a common language be deepened?

11h00 – 11h30

Break

11h30 – 12h30

Conference: The Economics of Migration

Migration is now global, comprised by a worldwide circulation of experiences, know-how, education and ideas. It is said that migration not only benefits the migrant but the entire world. It may contribute to the economic development of receiving countries, to competitiveness and innovation potential. International migration may also contribute to the development of home countries through remittances or direct foreign investment for example. Immigrants have a wide impact on public budgets as well as on the labor market.

This panel will address the many questions related to the economic impact of migration: are immigrants an opportunity or a threat to national economies? How do they affect salaries both in the host and home countries? What threats may migrants present in States with high levels of unemployment? What is the potential of migrants to create employment? What is their level of entrepreneurship? How do migrants impact on the shape of the population of product-consumers and even at the imports level? How can migratory flows be economically fair for both host and home countries?

12h30 – 13h00

Ceremony: Winner of the Estoril Conferences Distinguished Book Prize

13h00 – 14h00

Lunch

14h00 – 15h00

Conference: Migration Policies in a Plural World

Due to globalization, migration ceased to be regional and became globalized. National populations became increasingly confronted with the arrivals of people sharing different cultures, religions and beliefs. This shift on the very composition of national residents leads to several challenges on social cohesion. If social diversity is seen as a source of strength, polities may become more cohesive and more prosperous. However, if diversity is not properly addressed, the conflicting pressures underlying pluralism may lead to tensions, social conflicts and, eventually, ethnical conflicts.

This panel will address the pressing challenges underlying pluralism and global migration: how can social cohesion be safeguarded in countries that have a strong tradition of homogenous population? How should migrants be integrated in the host communities? How can religious and cultural differences and beliefs be protected without eroding the destination societies? Has multiculturalism failed?

15h00 – 16h00

Global Dialogue: Alternative Futures for Europe?

Europe is facing extraordinary stresses with political realities looking very different than formerly. How might these alternative futures develop? A dialogue between two of the bearers of both sides of the political debate.

16h00 – 16h30

Keynote: The Future of Europe as a Global Actor – is United in Diversity at risk?

The debate set by the White Book on the Future of Europe will mark the next months and will possibly frame the European Union policy for the coming years. Celebrating its 60th anniversary, the EU is facing the question: “What future do we want for ourselves, for our children and for our Union?”

One of the most important and evident issues is migration. United in diversity faces serious contenders, both from the inside and the exterior of European borders. The role of the EU as a global actor is fundamental when addressing migratory flows. Will this be a leading role? After the success of the European project in the 20th century, is Europe ready to face the challenges that the 21st century poses?

16h30 – 17h00

Break

17h00 - 17h45

Special Keynote Address:

I, Edward Snowden.

Edward Snowden is a living contradiction: he is a north-American freedom of speech activist who found temporary refuge in Russia. He was forced to run from the United States of America after disclosing and leaking to The Guardian and The Washington Post several mass surveillance programs conducted by national governments, including the government of the U.S.A. Currently, he is dedicating his life to the protection of journalists all over the world and the freedom of the press by developing new technologies and safe systems of disclosing information to credible press organizations.

17h45 - 18h15

Global Dialogue: A Transatlantic Friendship

Oliver Stone is a world renowned film director and considered a master of controversial subjects. Edward Snowden is a world renowned controversial subject. Together they developed the movie ‘Snowden’ released in 2016. They will share with us their experiences and talk about the important of the Snowden effect in our everyday lives.

18h15 - 19h15

Special Keynote Address:

Is democracy possible here? A conversation with Oliver Stone

With a long and globally acclaimed career, Oliver Stone is one of the few truly consistent political and historical filmmakers in the United States today. Tackling subjects often deemed controversial and too grand in scale, Oliver Stone continues to write, direct and produce movies and documentaries that fit with his sensibilities and challenge the conventional teachings. For Oliver Stone, no topic is sacred, no orthodoxy goes unchallenged.

Facing the title of one of Ronald Dworkin’s last books, Oliver Stone will address the dangers that haunt western democracies today and that undermine the fate of American Liberalism: populism, xenophobia, hate speech, the rise of extremism, growing inequality, global surveillance disclosures, cyberwars.

19h15 - 20h00 Global Dialogue: Migration and Democracy
20h00 - 23h00

Thematic Dinner: The Fleeting Impact of Outrage: Media and Migration Crises

Reserved Acess

Migration in times of crises

This day will address the challenges that are brought by a scenario of migration crises, as the current refugees’ crisis – and that place higher demands not only on transit and host countries but also on the global level. Migration crises are a worldwide phenomenon: they may occur periodically and take place in virtually every region of the world. In 2015, there were 65.3 million forcibly displaced people worldwide, 21.3 million refugees and 10 million stateless people (UNHCR 2016).


08h00 – 09h30

Local Impact Labs

Parallel event

09h00 – 10h00

Conference: Coping with top displacement factors

The legal concept of refugees concerns forced displacement by conflict, fear of threat or persecution. However, forced displacement is caused by other factors like climate change, food or water insecurity, population growth or poor urban planning. These groups of population typically migrate in large numbers and face pressing threats on their survival although without triggering the protection system of asylum seekers.

This panel will address the main forced displacement factors, in light of the New York Declaration on Refugees and Migrants: is an extension of the traditional concept of refugees the best tool to afford protection to these fragile groups? How can preventive tools be designed to avoid the recurrence of displacement factors? How should environmental migration be managed? Are States prepared to deepen integration and cooperation in this context? In what practical ways must other States be solidary with the most affected host and transit countries?

 

10h00 – 11h00

Global Dialogue: Is Migration a Security Issue?

The erosion of borders raises concerns with security and public order protection. The introduction of diversity in previously homogenous populations leads to fears that immigration will increase social conflicts, with the potential escalation of ethnic conflicts or terrorist attacks.

What may be the connection between migration and threats to public security? Should transnational terrorist threats lead to the reinforcement of national borders? What is the reality of hate speech and xenophobia worldwide? Why are they growing nowadays? Can populism and xenophobia change the face of democracy and irrevocably condemn mainstream parties to irrelevance? How do migratory issues influence national politics?

11h00 – 11h30

Break

11h30 – 12h30

Global Dialogue: The Global Governance of Forced Migration

Traditionally, refugees flee to neighboring States to seek protection. In consequence, countries such as Jordan, Ethiopia, Lebanon, Pakistan and Turkey are currently faced with extraordinary migratory pressure. They do not have the means to accommodate all those who seek their borders for protection. The High Commissioner for Refugees has systematically emphasized the need for a multilateral approach to refugees and forced migration since the traditional intergovernmental tools have fallen short in providing acceptable solutions.

What can be expected after the historic UN Summit on Refugees and Migrants? Are States prepared to deepen integration and cooperation in this context? In what practical ways must other States   be solidary with the most affected host and transit countries? What tools should be developed to enhance cooperation between States to tackle the refugees’ global problem? Is it feasible to design and enforce permanent programs of refugees’ resettlement worldwide? What support to the countries of origin and transit should the global community provide? Is it morally correct to negotiate agreements with the transit countries to prevent refugees from searching other territories? What are the role and powers of supranational organizations and NGO’s in these processes?

12h30 – 13h00

Special Keynote Address:

Will the Miracle Endure? The Dream of a Global Compact on Migration

On September 19th 2016 a “little” miracle happened: all the Member States of the United Nations agreed on “The New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants”, an important political message that migration and refugee matters have become major issues in the international agenda. The declaration set in motion a series of consultations and negotiations for the adoption of the global compact on migration in 2018. Will the miracle endure?

13h00 – 14h00

Lunch

14h00 – 14h45

Conference: Global Migration, Global Responsibility

In times of migratory crises there is a higher risk of disrespecting human rights. This is particularly threatening for societies’ most vulnerable persons which include migrants, especially illegal migrants. In this context, one must recall the human rights that claim protection, namely in what regards especially vulnerable persons such as women and children. Usually, only refugees that have arrived in the territory are granted international protection. However, this traditional form of triggering a duty to protect may lead to some perverse effects, such as the development of networks of facilitators of illegal immigration, designed to transport migrants to the countries where they can ask for asylum.

What threats to the respect of human rights of illegal migrants may be at stake? Who are the actors in charge of enforcing such rights? How can global cooperation be enforced to tackle transnational criminal networks? Who is accountable for human rights violations under these circumstances? Are States bound to a duty to protect refugees even outside their own sovereign territory?

14h45 – 15h30

Conference: Will the EU survive the Migration Crisis?

15h30 – 16h15

Conference: The Control of the EU External Borders and Strategic Partnerships

The European Union is strengthening its external borders to control migration flows in what represents one of the most controversial aspects of the migration debate in Europe. The problem is twofold, encompassing the internal dimension, including the reform of border control mechanisms, and the external dimension, associated with the option for a strategic cooperation with third countries, such as Turkey. Taking into account the EU Migration Partnership Framework, adopted by the Council in June 2016, this option has been under considerable scrutiny and is perceived by some as a way to address the migratory problem and by others as a way to outsource it. Moreover, Europeans are facing important electoral cycles and the subject of border control has definitely entered the political arena.

What are the consequences of implementing these reforms? What changes with the creation of the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, launched less than a year after being proposed by the Commission? What lies ahead for Dublin IV? Are there privacy issues prompted by the enactment of the European Databases?

16h15 – 17h00

Global Dialogue: Can we change the world?

Civic engagement and grassroots activism are changing in its ways to impact society by adapting to new technologies and forms of communication. Unconventionality is the norm.

This panel is addressed to each and every one of us: can we really change the world?

17h00 – 17h30

Break

17h30 – 18h30

Conference: Fighting Crime in a Democracy: What Role and Limits to the Criminal Justice System?

Liberal democracy entails the rule of law with the guarantees of due process and the protection of fundamental rights lying at its very core. Guilt and its likeable provability are essential to trigger the criminal justice system. Defendants are entitled to fundamental defense guarantees that often place them at the very core of criminal law. But the enemies of democracy today are varied and vested with new tools that question the foundations upon which said system is founded: state-sponsored cyber-attacks, violence fired by fake news, corruption by high-state officials, illegal surveillance practices, hate speech, terrorism... Unlawful combatants, targeted killings, Guantanamo Bay, mass surveillance: what is the fair price to pay to keep our democracies alive?

18h30 – 19h00

Special Keynote Address:

Helping those who can’t migrate

Migration is a human experience that requires, in itself, a certain level of conditions. Be it for economic reasons, ethnical differences, health, security, religious beliefs or other motives, migration is not available to all. Most importantly, in some cases migration is not even available to the most members of the population. Behind the millions of people that migrate every year, millions more are left behind. How does help reach these people?

19h00 – 20h00 Final Conference
20h00 – 21h00 Closing Ceremony

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